Farmer Guides

Shelter and Shade

Shelter

  • Maintaining the welfare and productivity of sheep and cattle on drystock farms

Beef + Lamb New Zealand: http://www.beeflambnz.com/Documents/Farm/Shelter.pdf

Shelter for Hill Country farms Part 1 Shelter Design

  • The aim of shelter is to slow the wind down, but not stop it entirely; this maximizes effects down wind.
  • Correct density, height, orientation and continuity are important.
  • Managed poplar and willow plantings are able to achieve this.

Hawke's Bay Regional Council: http://www.hbrc.govt.nz/assets/Document-Library/Information-Sheets/Land/ShelterPt1.pdf

Shelter Design for Horticulture and Cropping

  • Benefits of a well-designed shelter belt include erosion control, protection for crops and buildings and a potential source of timber.
  • Shelterbelts, however, can be expensive to establish, so it is important the principals outlined are considered in the initial design plan to avoid costly mistakes.

Hawke's Bay Regional Council: http://www.hbrc.govt.nz/assets/Document-Library/Information-Sheets/Land/Shelter-species.pdf

Wind Erosion and Control

  • Wind erosion is increased if vegetative cover is sparse or absent
  • The only real way to reduce the effects of wind speed is to use shelter
  • A well maintained shelter (such as trimmed poplar and willows) gives protection for about ten times its height.

Hawke's Bay Regional Council: http://www.hbrc.govt.nz/assets/Document-Library/Information-Sheets/Land/Wind-erosion.pdf