A survey of some typical farm terrain and demonstration of how to position space-planted poles according to factors such as geology, terrain, soil depth, natural drainage and existing access routes.
Covers what is a suitable pole, (straight with bottom diameter of ~65mm and top diameter of ~45mm), where poles can be sourced, how poles should be stored and soaked before planting.
Pole planting using a) pole rammer and b) augur. Demonstrates slicing a point on the pole, marking the depth on the pole, making the hole, planting, putting on a protective sleeve, ramming the pole tight if needed.
Poplar poles sometimes require re-ramming as the summer progresses after recent planting. Re-ramming helps secure the pole and enhance root contact with the soil.
Poplars should be form-pruned. Single stems are healthier with greater longevity, allow for better pasture growth and are more likely to produce millable logs.
Poplars may benefit from high pruning to increase their health and longevity, encourage pasture growth and to produce millable logs.
Pollarding willows is useful to manage tree size when producing fodder for stock and producing planting poles. Safety is a key issue.
A tractor mounted bin is a useful way to quickly and easy way to pollard willows on the farm, particularly in flat to easy country. Safety is paramount.
An interview with a long-time advocate of planting poplars and willows
Where to plant, what tree and how to manage them are critical factors in the success of poplar and willow establishment.
Links to all Regional Council Nurseries setting out contact details and varieties for sale
An easily accessible list of FAQ’s that mainly covers points made in the above publications but introduces some others such as where to get advice on purchasing a pole rammer